Bond investment is an excellent option for investors who want to reduce the risk of their portfolio and who do not want to risk losing their capital. They are typically attractive because they pay fixed interest rates, which can be significantly higher than those offered by short-term savings accounts. However, it is important to carefully consider the risks involved before deciding whether or not to invest in bonds.
One of the biggest risks involved with bond investing is the risk of loss. Bond prices fluctuate based on several factors. Interest rates, which are set by central banks, are one of them. When interest rates are low, bonds are priced high. Conversely, when interest rates are high, bond prices tend to fall.
Bonds can also help protect investors against an economic slowdown. The value of a bond depends on the income it provides, and when these prices rise, the value of the security drops. This can make bonds a good choice for investors who are concerned about inflation. But keep in mind that the price of fixed securities declines when the Fed raises interest rates.
Using macroeconomic analysis, portfolio managers can identify bonds with a high potential for price appreciation. This may be due to favorable interest rate environment, economic conditions, or global growth patterns. In recent years, emerging markets have become larger drivers of global growth, and as a result, their bonds have increased in value. Bond managers can also invest in sectors that have historically increased in price.